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Ethiopia The Cradle of Life

 

This will be a page dedicated to the People of Ethiopia.

Check back soon to read about, and enjoy the pictures of the colorful people of Ethiopia.

Languages of Ethiopia

 

Food of Ethiopia

Ethiopia

This ancient country, old even before the time of Christ, is called the land of thirteen months of sunshine, (the Ethiopian calendar having twelve months of thirty days and an extra month of five days called Pagume). The climate is balmy and pleasant with rain falling rarely except in the summer months.

Here, where the Queen of Sheba once ruled, primitive and modern cultures exist side by side. In the villages, families live in "tukels" made of stone with thatched roofs, and life goes on today much as it has for centuries. In Addis Ababa, there are new white buildings of reinforced concrete in the midst of bustling, energetic people. Women with exquisite facial bone structure wear shamas, a gauzelike white fabric covering them from head to foot. Men wear either Ethiopian robes or Western dress.

The open-air market of Addis is the largest and most exciting in all of Africa. The market seems to stretch for miles. Everything is on display, from clothing and household wares to treadle sewing machines. And the food! Women sit cross-legged on the ground with tiny scales to measure spices for the Wat-the stews cooked in every home. Grains, called Tef, in huge bags are ready for the housewives who make Injera--the unleavened bread prepared today as it was a thousand years ago. The low stands are heaped with citrus fruits, bananas, grapes, pomegranates, figs, custard apples (a delectable tropical fruit), and vegetables of all kinds, including the wonderful red onion of this area and Gommen, a kale-like plant used in the Alechi: the stews of the fast days. The meats on sale are beef, lamb, and goat. You'll find a sort of rancid butter cut from a large block and sold in chunks wrapped in wax paper, along with lab, a soft cheese wrapped and kept cool in banana leaves.

The Coptic Church, the dominant religious sect in Ethiopia since the fourth century, dictates many food customs. There are fast days when meat is prohibited and pulses-lentils, peas, field peas, chick peas, and peanuts-are used in making the Wat and Alechi. No one is permitted to eat pork. The hand washing ceremony before and after meals is a religious ritual. Even the manner in which meats are prepared is dictated. The hottest, most peppery food in all of Africa is found in Ethiopia. The foreigner, not accustomed to the hot spice Ber-beri or Awaze, specially prepared with red pepper and containing as many as fifteen spices, cannot take it. But if you cut down on the pepper, you will find the food to be as interesting and exciting as anything you have ever eaten.

 

 

How a Dinner is Served in Ethiopia

A meal in Ethiopia is an experience. When you have dinner in an Ethiopian home or restaurant, you eat the tablecloth!

One or two of the guests are seated on a low comfortable divan and a mesab, a handmade wicker hourglass-shaped table with a designed domed cover is set before them. The other guests are then seated round the table on stools about eight inches high covered with monkey fur.

A tall, stunning woman with characteristically high cheekbones and soft skin, dressed in a shama, carries a long-spouted copper ewer or pitcher in her right hand, a copper basin (which looks like a spittoon) in her left hand, and a towel over her left arm. She pours warm water over the fingers of your right hand, holding the basin to catch the excess, and you wipe your hands on the towel that hangs over her arm.

The mesab is taken out of the room and returned shortly with the domed cover. She removes the dome and the table is covered with what looks like a gray cloth overlapping the edge of a huge tray. But it is not a "tablecloth" at all. It is the Injera, the sourdough pancake-like bread of Ethiopia. Food is brought to the table in enamel bowls and portioned out on the "tablecloth!" When the entire Injera is covered with an assortment of stews, etc., you tear off a piece about two or three inches square and use this to "roll" the food in-the same way you would roll a huge cigarette. Then just swoop it up and pop it into your mouth. Your host might "pop" the first little "roll" in your mouth for you. It takes a bit of doing to accomplish this feat but once you master it, you cannot help enjoy It.

Our server returns with individual long-necked bottles from which you drink Tej, an amber-colored honey wine. It is put on a little table close by. Or she may bring a weakly carbonated water or Tella, the homemade beer.

You learn that you are eating Chicken Wat and Lamb Wat-two peppery stews- Iab-cottage cheese and yogurt with special herbs giving it an acidic lemon flavor; and Kitfo-ground raw beef, which we are told is considered the dessert of the meal.

No other dessert is served. Coffee comes in on a tray in tiny Japanese cups served black with sugar.

Dinner is concluded with hand-washing again and incense is burned.

 

 

How You Can Present an Ethiopian Dinner

You'll need the largest Teflon skillet you can find and a high round tray, at least fifteen inches in diameter.

It would be impossible to make Injera, the pancake which serves as a "tablecloth," for it is made in Ethiopia with Tef, a flour not available here. The closest substitute devised in our test kitchen is a large buckwheat pancake which does not taste exactly like Injera but is similar in texture and color. (You will like the buckwheat pancake more than the actual Injera.)

Make four or five 9- to 10-inch pancakes as the recipe directs and overlap them on the 15 inch tray to look like a "tablecloth," letting the outer edges overlap the tray. Place the tray on a bridge table or a small round table around which your guests are crowded side by side on bridge chairs or stools. (If you prefer you can use a low coffee table with small stools all around and have two or three of your guests sit on the sofa.) Conduct the hand-washing ceremony as described earlier before you serve the meal.

The tray containing the large pancakes should be covered with aluminum foil. Remove the foil when the tray is placed on the table.

Bring in the bowls of Wat, one at a time. Ladle out right on the Injera one portion of Doro (chicken) Wat and one hard-boiled egg to each guest- then serve the Lamb Wat, the lab (a cottage cheese and yogurt mixture), and the Kitfo until the Injera is covered with individual portions of food. Everyone eats from the tray but has his part of the dinner in front of him.

Keep folding tables handy at easy access to each guest for his beverage- Tella (beer) or just plain carbonated water. If you can find attractive decanters with round bottoms, small enough for one cup, it might be fun to serve the honey wine to each guest in this manner. He would then drink it right from the bottle.

Provide forks for the uninitiated who may give up before they learn to eat in the traditional way. One important warning when using buckwheat Injera; the stews should be thick enough so that they do not soak through the pancake.

When the food and the Injera "tablecloth" are completely consumed, dinner is over.

Coffee in demitasse cups is served right after dinner. Later, much later, you can serve slices of fresh pineapple or melon, and Dabo Kolo, the tiny, fried, snack-like cookies so popular in Ethiopia.

 

 

Menu from Ethiopia

 

  • INJERA

    Bread of Ethiopia

     

  • IAB

    Cottage Cheese and Yogurt

     

  • DORO WAT

    Chicken Stew with Hard-Boiled Eggs

     

  • SEGA WAT

    Lamb Dices

     

  • KITFO

    Tartar Steak

     

  • CHEF KURT LINSI'S QUEEN OF SHEBA SALAD

    Spicy Salad

     

  • DABO KOLO

    Fried Cookies

     

  • VEGETABLE ALECHA

    Vegetable Stew

     

  • TEJ

    Honey Wine

     

  • TELLA

    Beer

     

     

    Shopping List for Eight

    Meats, poultry

    1 3-lb. chicken
    2 Ibs. Iamb from leg
    1 Ib. freshly ground lean beef
    1/2 Ib. pepperoni

    Dairy

    1 Ib. cottage cheese
    1/2 pt. yogurt
    1 dozen eggs
    1/2 Ib. butter

    Fruits and Vegetables

    1 bunch parsley
    2 lemons
    3 Ibs. onions
    1-2 melons or seasonal fruit for dessert
    1 1/2 Ibs. tomatoes

    Beverages

    1 bottle white wine, such as Riesling or Soave

    Groceries

    1 box biscuit mix
    1 box buckwheat pancake flour
    1 pint olive oil
    1 Ib. honey
    1 dozen cans mild beer
    2 large bottles soda water
    1 bottle ketchup

     

     

    Recipes

     

     

    INJERA

    Bread

    Yield: 5 9-inch pancakes

    Combine: 1 cup BUCKWHEAT PANCAKE MIX

  • 1 cup BISCUIT MIX
    1 EGG

    Add: 1 Tbs. OIL

    1 1/2-2 cups WATER to obtain an easy pouring consistency.

    Bring a 10-inch skillet or a handled griddle pan to medium heat uniformly over the flame. Do not let the pan get too hot.

    Spread 1/2 tsp. OIL over the pan with a brush.

    Fill a measuring cup (with spout) or a large cream pitcher with batter.

    Pour the mixture on the hot pan or griddle in a thin stream starting from the outside and going in circles to the center from left to right. As soon as it bubbles uniformly all over remove from heat. Pancakes should be 9 inches in diameter.

    Place the pan in an oven at 325' for about 1 minute until the top is dry but not brown.

    Arrange the five pancakes overlapping each other so as to completely cover a fifteen-inch tray, thus forming the Injera "tablecloth."

    This unleavened bread of Ethiopia is really a huge pancake made by the women in special large pans with heavy covers. The Tef batter is saved from an earlier baking and added to the new batter to give it a sourdough quality. It is poured at a thin consistency and baked covered so that the bottom of the pancake does not brown. The top should be full of air holes before the pancake is covered. The heavy cover steams the pancake so that when it is finished it looks like a huge thin rubber sponge. Since Tef is not available here, we had to find a way to simulate Injera in our test kitchen. The combination of buckwheat flour mix and biscuit mix seems to produce the closest substitute. Making it is easy, but getting the Injera texture takes a bit of experimentation, first, because not all pancake mixes are alike and secondly, it is important to cook the pancake at just the right temperature. This takes a bit of practice.

     

     

    IAB

    Cottage Cheese and Yogurt

    Yield: 1 quart

    Iab is a white curd cheese very much like the Greek feta. Special herbs are added (and sometimes chopped vegetables) which give it its characteristically acid taste. Since the cheese used in Ethiopia is not available here, this recipe is an attempt to simulate lab.

    In a 1-quart bowl:

    Combine: 1 Ib. SMALL-CURD COTTAGE CHEESE or FARMER CHEESE

    4 Tbs. YOGURT
    1 Tbs. GRATED LEMON RIND
    1 tsp. SALAD HERBS
    2 Tbs. CHOPPED PARSLEY
    1 tsp. SALT
    1/4 tsp. BLACK PEPPER.

    The mixture should be moist enough to spoon but dry enough to stay firm when served. Drain off excess liquid. One or two heaping tablespoons of lab is placed on the Injera before each guest.

     

     

    DORO WAT

    Chicken Stew

    Yield: 8 portions

    In Ethiopia, about 4 tablespoons of Ber-beri, Ethiopian red pepper, is used in each recipe. It is extremely hot. In our adaptation, we use cayenne pepper and paprika (which is not Ethiopian) to bring it to the characteristic dark color and flavor. Even cayenne pepper should be used sparingly.

    In a 4- to 6-quart Dutch oven or heavy stewpot:

    Brown 3 cups BERMUDA ONION chopped finely, without fat, until quite dark, stirring constantly.

    Add: 3 oz. BUTTER or OLIVE OIL

    1/2 tsp. CAYENNE PEPPER
    1 tsp. PAPRIKA
    1/2 tsp. BLACK PEPPER
    1/4 tsp. GINGER.

    Blend the seasonings into the onions.

    Add 1 cup WATER.

    Soak: 1 3-lb. CHICKEN cut in 1-inch pieces, bones left on and including neck and gizzards, in

    2 cups WATER to which
    1/4 cup LEMON JUICE has been added, for 10 minutes.

    Drain the water from each piece of chicken.

    Add chicken to onion mixture, stirring it through. Cover.

    Simmer over low heat until chicken is tender.

    Add more water, if necessary, to bring to stew texture (or if Wat is watery, thicken with 2 tablespoons of flour dissolved in 2 tablespoons of water).

    Add 8 PEELED HARD-BOILED EGGS a few minutes before serving.

     

     

    SEGA WAT

    Ethiopian Lamb

    Yield: 8 portions

    Proceed as above but use 2 Ibs. of lamb (from leg) instead of chicken and only 1 cup of chopped onions. The lamb is cut in l/2-inch cubes, the water is not added, and the lamb is sauteed on all sides until quite dry and well done.

     

     

    KITFO

    Ethiopian Tartar Steak

    Yield: 8 portions

    Chopped beef should be freshly ground just before serving. It is served raw.

    In a 9-inch skillet:

    Melt 2 oz. BUTTER.

    Add: 1/4 tsp. CAYENNE PEPPER

    1/4 tsp. CHILI PEPPER
    1 tsp. SALT and stir through thoroughly.

    Add 1 1/2 Ibs. LEAN ROUND STEAK, freshly ground,

    Mix thoroughly. Serve immediately. Do not cook.

    If your guests prefer the Kitfo cooked, saute it over low heat for about 5 minutes, stirring constantly.

     

     

    CHEF KURT LINSI'S QUEEN OF SHEBA SALAD

    Yield: 8 small salads

    Chef Linsi serves this salad when he prepares an Ethiopian dinner, as he feels that a salad is lacking in the Ethiopian presentation. It's pretty hot too, so be careful with the hot-pepper sauce and hot chilies.

    In a 1-quart bowl:

    Combine: 1 1/2 Ibs. FIRM TOMATOES, cut in tiny wedges with seeds removed

    1/2 cup SWEET ONIONS, finely chopped
    1 clove GARLIC, finely chopped
    1 HOT CHILI PEPPER, finely chopped
    1/2 cup PEPPERONI, thinly sliced (optional).

    Sheba Sauce

    Combine: 1 cup KETCHUP

    1/4 cup VlNEGAR
    1/2 cup OIL
    1/2 cup SWEET WHITE WINE (Muscatel or Madeira)
    1 tsp. WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE
    1 tsp. SALT
    1/4 tsp. BLACK PEPPER
    few drops TABASCO SAUCE.

    Marinate the tomato mixture in the sauce. Serve in sauce dishes without lettuce or drain well and place in the center of the Injera.

     

     

    DABO KOLO

    Little Fried Snacks

    They will look like flat peanuts, and are served as a snack or with cocktails; and like peanuts, once you start eating them you can't stop.

    In a 1-quart bowl:

    Mix: 2 cups ALL-PURPOSE FLOUR

    1/2 tsp. SALT
    2 Tbs. SUGAR
    1/2 tsp. CAYENNE PEPPER
    1/4 cup OIL.

    Knead together and add WATER, spoonful by spoonful, to form a stiff dough. Knead dough for 5 minutes longer.

    Tear off a piece the size of a golf ball.

    Roll it out with palms of hands on a lightly floured board into a long strip 1/2 inch thick.

    Snip into 1/2-inch pieces with scissors.

    Spread about a handful of the pieces on an ungreased 9-inch frying pan (or enough to cover bottom of pan). Cook over heat until uniformly light brown on all sides, stirring up once in a while as you go along.

    Continue until all are light brown.

     

     

    VEGETABLE ALECHA

    Vegetable Stew

    Yield: 8 portions

    The Copts in Ethiopia have many fast days on which they are not permitted to eat meat. Vegetables Alechas and Wats are substituted on these days. (The Wat differs from the Alecha in that it is made with a spice called Ber-beri or Awaze.)

    In a 4-quart saucepan:

    Saute: 1 cup BERMUDA ONIONS in

    4 Tbs. OIL until soft but not brown.

    Add: 4 CARROTS, peeled and cut in 1-inch slices

    4 GREEN PEPPERS, cleaned and cut in quarters
    3 cups WATER
    1 6-oz. can TOMATO SAUCE
    2 tsp. SALT
    1/2 tsp. GROUND GINGER.

    Cook for 10 minutes covered.

    Add 4 POTATOES cut in thick slices.

    Plunge 2 TOMATOES in boiling water, remove skins, cut in 8 wedges each, and add to stew.

    Cover and cook for 10 minutes.

    Add 8 CABBAGE WEDGES, 1 inch wide.

    Sprinkle with SALT and PEPPER.

    Cook until vegetables are tender.

    Correct the Seasoning.

    Place in an attractive bowl and portion out uniformly.

     

     

    TEJ

    Honey Wine

    Yield: approximately 1 quart

    Tej is the Ethiopian wine made from "honey raw with comb" cooked with hops (Gesho), and it takes a special talent to make it. We simulated Tej for our Ethiopian dinner as follows:

    Combine: 1 pint WHITE WINE, light, neither dry nor sweet.

    1 pint WATER
    4 Tbs. HONEY.

    Chill and serve in 1/2-cup decanters or wine glasses.

    Be sure it is very cold. Whatever white wine you use should not have strong characteristic taste of its own. A mild white wine of the Soave or Riesling type thinned with water and to which honey is added is as close to Tej as one can get without going through the fermentation process. (You may be able to find honey wine ready to use. Ask at your local liquor store. If not available proceed as above.)

    People & Culture

    People | Languages | Religion | Festivals & Events | Cooking & Recipes | Music & Musical Instruments| Art & Craft


    PEOPLE

    The Amhara
    are the politically and culturally dominant ethnic group of Ethiopia. They are located primarily in the central highland plateau of Ethiopia and comprise the major population element in the provinces of Begemder and Gojjam and in parts of Shoa and Wallo. In terms of the total Ethiopian population, however, the Amhara are a numerical minority. The national population has usually been placed at between 14 and 22 million.

    It is generally estimated that the Amhara, together with the closely related Tigre, constitute about one-third of this total population. One of the most recent estimates gives the number of native speakers of Amharic, the language of the Amhara, as approximately 7,800,000. (cf. Bender 1971:217)

    their national clothes are basically white, whether the shawls and light blankets worn over the shoulders by the men or the white dresses and wraps worn by the ladies

    In comparison, there seems to be general agreement that the Galla (Oromo) peoples form the largest ethnic component in the country, comprising around 40 percent of the population. They are a pastoral and agricultural people who live mainly in central and southwestern Ethiopia, constitute about 40 percent of the population.

    The Shankella, a people in the western part of the country from the border of Eritrea to Lake Turkana, constitute about 6 percent of the population.

    The Ethiopians The Ethiopians (Peoples of Africa)  (amazon.com) - USA    (amazon.co.uk) - UK
    by Richard Pankhurst, Barbara Pankhurst
    complete history of the Ethiopians from pre-history to the present day draws on research in archaeology, anthropology, linguistics, and recent historiography.

    It charts the development of Ethiopian peoples and their society, placing emphasis on the African origins of Ethiopian civilization.
     

    Photographs of Ethiopian People and Places
     

    Listen to Ethiopian National Anthem
    Words of the Ethiopian National Anthem
     

    Malawi Flag Buy the Ethiopian Flag

    LANGUAGES

    Languages spoken include Amharic, Tigrinya, Orominga, Guaraginga, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)

    Here are a few words in Arabic
    Hello - Ahalan
    Goodbye - Ma'a ElSalama
    Thank you - shokran
    You're welcome - Ala ElRahib Wa ElSaa
    Zero - Sifer
    One - Wahid
    Two - Ithinin
    Three - Thalatha
    Four - Arba'a
    Five - Kamisa
    Six - Sita
    Seven - Saba'a
    Eight - Thamania
    Nine - Tisa'a
    Ten - Ashara

     

    Other Websites

    Languages of Ethiopia

    RELIGION

    Religion is a secure and accepted element of everyday life in Ethiopia and the language is full of references to God. Yet there is not the ever-present feel that one can experience in a totally Muslim country for example.
    On the central plateau, the Ethiopian Orthodox church holds sway, again an individual and fascinating feature of this unusual country. Priests and deacons abound in their often colourful robes, carrying their staffs and ornate crosses that people frequently kiss as they pass.

    Christianity came to Ethiopia in ancient times and became the official Ethiopian religion in the 4th century. The Orthodox church has many connections with ancient Judaism. Fasting and detailed food restrictions, the specific ways of slaughtering animals, circumcision and the layout of the churches, all these things make for a very particular religious culture.

    Islam is also very strong in many parts of Ethiopia, frequently existing peaceably alongside Christianity. The city of Harar, in the east of the country, is officially the fourth most holy Muslim site in the world.

    Ethiopia has communities of 'falashas', Ethiopian Jews, especially in the Gondar region in the north. Many of these however have now departed to live in Israel, having been airlifted out of the country with Operation Solomon and Operation Moses in the latter part of the 20th century.

    In the lowland areas, animistic and pagan religions are still commonly found among tribal peoples who live in simple and primitive communities

    Information kindly donated by Gondarlink

    FESTIVALS AND EVENTS

    The Ethiopians love to celebrate, whether important events in their history, major landmarks in the religious calendar or simply special family days. Best clothes are worn, food and drink are plentiful, musicians play and people dance and sing.

    National holidays are held to celebrate the victory over the Italians at Adwa in 1896, the Liberation from the Italian occupation in 1941 and the downfall of the Derg in 1991.

    But it is the major Ethiopian Orthodox festivals that represent the people at their most colourful and festive.

    Meskal
    is a two-day festival at the end of September celebrating the Finding of the True Cross. Bonfires are lit and singing and dancing take place around them, while the priests don their full ceremonial regalia.

    Timkat

    Ethiopia Timket/Epiphany Tour
    This 13-day trip departs from London on 17 January 2003 to attend the Timket festivities and then visits Lalibela, island monasteries of Lake Tana, the ancient Temple of the Moon at Yeha and more.
    Click to view full itinerary

    Timkat usually falls on the January 19, 12 days after Christmas according to the Julian calendar. Festivities take place the day before as well as the day after. This date varies by a day during leap years. The festival is celebrated throughout the Ethiopian highlands in Orthodox Christian strongholds, but nowhere is it quite as spectacular as in Lalibela, an isolated mountain town in the arid north of the country.

    It is a colourful three-day festival celebrating Epiphany and it is marked by the procession of the tabots (the replicas of the Ark of the Covenant, the original of which is said to be in the chapel at Axum) around the towns, draped in heavy embroidered materials. People bathe in the lakes and splash water over onlookers.

    After the ceremony, the tabots are taken back to the churches in procession, accompanied by singing, drumming, the ringing of bells and blowing of trumpets. Festivities continue throughout the day and into the night. More religious ceremony takes place the following day, dedicated to the Archangel Mikael, after which the priests are fed by their parishioners and young people continue to celebrate into the night.

    Other religious festivals are at Fasika (Easter), Inketatash (the New Year in mid-September) and Genna (Christmas in early January). All the Islamic holidays are also celebrated according to the lunar cycle of shifting dates as in other countries

    Information kindly donated by Gondarlink

    COOKING & RECIPES

    Ethiopia's staple grain is called teff, and from its flour the Ethiopians fashion a large pancake-like bread called injera that they place directly on the dining table. Other dishes that make up the meal are portioned onto the injera and diners eat by scooping these portions into rolled-up pieces of the injera that they have torn off.

    Thick stews called wats are the most popular dishes and can be made from meat, vegetables, or beans. Stews is enlivened with the spicy mitin shiro, a flavorful combination of ground beans, spices, and chilies used to season many foods.

    The last course of a meal is often kitfo, freshly ground raw beef.

    Ethiopians brew a barley beer called tella and a honey wine called ej. Small fried cookies known as dabo kolo are a favorite snack

    How a Dinner is Served in Ethiopia

    Doro Alicha - mild Ethiopian chicken dish

    Doro Wat - A spicy Ethiopian chicken dish

    Tibs Wet - A very spicy (and fatty!) meat dish from Ethiopia

    Injera - A very simple recipe for injera, the pancake-spongy bread that accompanies Ethiopian food.

    Yekik Alich'a - An Ethiopian split pea dish, with a mild sauce.

    Spiced butter A recipe for clarified, herbed butter, a basic ingredient in Ethiopian cuisine

    Berbere A red-pepper based spice mixture, used in Ethiopian dishes

    Ethiopian lentils

    Ethiopian Recipes - A number of recipes at this website

    MUSIC

    Out in the community, musical instruments play a social and entertaining role. The single-stringed masenko is played by minstrels who sing of life around them and invent, calypso-like, topical verses on the spot. The krar is a lyre-like plucked instrument with 5 or 6 strings while the begenna is the portable harp.

    Up in the hills can be found boys looking after cattle and sheep and playing on the washint, a simple reed flute played with one hand.

    Ethiopian people know and love their folk songs. Singing is high pitched and shrill Sand frequently accompanied by excited ululation, especially at weddings and other joyful occasions.

    No joyous occasion ever passes without the Ethiopians indulging in their unique form of dancing. There are many styles according to the part of the country, but they frequently focus on the shoulders which seductively gyrate and undulate in a frenzied display of almost competitive energy. As one dancer runs out of steam, so another enters the fray with renewed vigour

    Information kindly donated by Gondarlink

    Many reggae musicians declare their importance to having some connection to Ethiopian musical origins although the Ethiopian musicians will tell you their music has more in common with Jazz.

    Recommended Music
    Ethiopian Urban and Tribal Music Vol.1 Soul of Addis - Mahmoud Ahmed Ethiopiques, Vol. 9: Alemayehu Eshete
    Buy USA - amazon.com
    Buy UK - amazon.co.uk

     
    Buy USA - amazon.com
    Buy UK - amazon.co.uk
    Buy USA - amazon.com

    See our full selection of Ethiopian Music
     

    Musical Instruments

    Stringed instruments like the begena or the krar are harps while another more fiddle-like instrument is known as masenko.

    Kebaro Very common in popular and religious music is the kabaro or kebero. When the women and men dance in their beautiful white robes they dance on the rhythm of the drums

    ART & CRAFT

    A unique feature of Ethiopian culture is its nave style of painting that is to be found in every church and in many other locations. This style seems to have remained almost unchanged for centuries.

    Figures are drawn in two dimensions, almost cartoon-like in their direct and simplistic portrayal, with strong colours and clear lines. The almond-shaped eyes are a particularly appealing characteristic.

    Church painting in Ethiopia serves a very real purpose, with all the biblical and more localised religious stories being portrayed clearly and simply to inform uneducated people of their traditions and their heritage. European medieval imagery is a clear comparison here.

    One modern name is clearly prominent in the world of Ethiopian painting today. Afework Tekle has an international reputation as an artist of immense standing. His works, though clearly based in an Ethiopian tradition, have a new and creative dynamism that is immediately of universal appeal. His vibrant paintings, many of them on very large canvases, are to be seen throughout Ethiopia in museums and galleries as well as on postage stamps and postcards

    Information kindly donated by Gondarlink

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    Ethiopia, East Africa

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    E-mail    mulugenet@ethionet.et   OR

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